Parametric Significance Tests

Parametric significance tests

Parametric significance tests assume that the data follow a specific distribution (typically the normal distribution). If their assumptions are met, they have greater power than non-parametric test. Otherwise, non-parametric tests should be used. Thus, parametric tests should only be used after carefully evaluating whether the assumptions of the test are sufficiently fulfilled.

This table gives an overview of the most popular parametric tests:

Test Test for what?
Student’s t-test, Paired Student’s t-test Difference in paired means and means
Chi-squared test Independence of group counts
One-way ANOVA Difference in means of several independent variables

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